2 edition of Low-level radioactive waste regional compacts found in the catalog.
Low-level radioactive waste regional compacts
United States. Congress. House. Committee on Energy and Commerce. Subcommittee on Energy Conservation and Power.
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||iii, 321 p. :|
|Number of Pages||321|
Provides for the repayment of certain percentages of surcharges as a milestone incentive through the establishment of an escrow account. Northwest Low-Level Waste Compact Committee The governor of each party state shall designate one official of that state as the person responsible for administration of this compact. The Agreement States exercise their licensing and enforcement actions under direction of the governors in a manner that is compatible with the licensing and enforcement programs of the NRC. The definition of low-level waste is set by the nuclear regulators of individual countries, though the International Atomic Energy Agency IAEA provides recommendations. The conditions of Congressional consent to the compact and the need for the legislation are set forth.
Directs the Commission within a specified time period to: 1 publish the technical information and guidance needed by States and compact regions to establish low-level radioactive waste disposal facilities that use alternatives to shallow land burial and that meet the Commission's licensing requirements; 2 expedite the licensing review procedure for new low-level radioactive waste disposal facilities; 3 develop standards, procedures, and expertise to exempt from Commission regulation waste streams whose radioactive waste is below regulatory concern. Recently, the Blue Ribbon Commission on America's Nuclear Future issued its draft report that correctly concludes the existing policy toward high-level nuclear waste is 'all but completely broken down'. The conditions included use of NRC-proposed consent language, the low-level waste definition and NRC report requirements. Each State involved has developed an oversight program that requires periodic inspections of the facilities. The membership of OAS consists of state radiation control directors and staff from the 37 Agreement States who are responsible for implementation of their respective Agreement State programs.
Severability If any provision of this compact, or its application to any person or circumstance, is held to be invalid, all other provisions of this compact, and the application of all of its provisions to all other persons and circumstances, shall remain valid; and to this end the provisions of this compact are severable. Congress amended the Act in by extending disposal of low-level radioactive waste at the three existing disposal facilities until January 1,provided that certain milestones were met. Each involved the responsibility for LLW that is generated within each states borders. Opportunities for citizen participation were to begin with the development of the site selection plan and continue through each of the decision points leading to the selection of a preferred site. Your note is for you and will not be shared with anyone.
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However, congressional approval was stalled by powerful states outside of the seven regions that were prepared to prevent congressional approval of the compact charters. In the federal Atomic Energy Act authorized the USNRC and its predecessors to discontinue regulatory authority over radioactive materials in states that had complied with USNRC regulations and that had established adequate programs to protect public health and safety.
What the Act has done is interject a system of interstate compacts with a byzantine interstate import and export system to complicate the handling of low-level radioactive waste, with attendant costs.
Sets penalties for non-compliance by imposing an escalating surcharge for access to a disposal facility, or by denying access to such facility. With EnergySolutions, as Senior Vice President of Regulatory Affairs, and throughout his twenty year career he worked on numerous environmental projects and focus areas included the Remedial Investigation and Feasibility Studies of abandoned Uranium mines in the southwest section of the United States.
The Western Low-Level Radioactive Waste Compact failed in the closing two days of the California Legislature, although it was enacted by Arizona, the only other eligible state.
So, this lecturer asks the question: 'What have we wrought? The definition of low-level waste is set by the nuclear regulators of individual countries, though the International Atomic Energy Agency IAEA provides recommendations. The Agreement States exercise their licensing and enforcement actions under direction of the governors in a manner that is compatible with the licensing and enforcement programs of the NRC.
All five must be re-introduced in the 99th Congress. Low-level waste does not include waste containing more than 10 nanocuries of transuranic contaminants per gram of material, nor spent reactor fuel, nor material classified as either high-level waste or waste which is unsuited for disposal by near-surface burial under any applicable federal regulations.
The regulations set forth the procedures for obtaining a license for a land disposal facility, performance objectives to protect human health and the environment, technical requirements for facilities, and financial assurances. To prepare this testimony, GAO relied on data from the two reports and updated information on current capacity for LLRW and access to disposal facilities.
The legislature directed the New York State Energy Research and Development Authority to design and operate the disposal facility; to participate in preparation of a draft environmental impact statement on facility design, construction, operation, and closure; to apply to DEC for permits to build, operate, and eventually close the facility; and to apply to the New York State Department of Labor for a license to handle radioactive materials.
Existing disposal sites are allowed to impose surcharges for disposal of wastes from regions without sites, with rebates to be used by states or compacts for site development.
These classes are based on the wastes' concentrationhalf-lifeas well as what types of radionuclides it contains. In giving their endorsement, these groups expanded the initial proposal to incorporate three principles: 1 state responsibility for providing LLW disposal capacity; 2 encouragement of interstate compacts for the exercise of this responsibility; and 3 the right of regional compacts to prohibit disposal at their regional facilities of LLW generated in non-compact states.
Type B containers require more rigorous testing procedures because Type B containers carry materials with higher radioactivity levels; Type B containers must not only meet the requirements set by the USDOT, but also those set by the NRC. These approaches include the use of comprehensive national radioactive waste inventory databases and the development of a national radioactive waste management plan.
Due to the concentration of nuclear technology and waste products in the East, South Carolina was receiving percent of monthly volume of LLW generated commercially in the United States.
Low-level waste LLW is nuclear waste that does not fit into the categorical definitions for intermediate-level waste ILWhigh-level waste HLWspent nuclear fuel SNFtransuranic waste TRUor certain byproduct materials known as 11e 2 wastes, such as uranium mill tailings. The March report also identified a number of LLRW management approaches used in other countries that may provide lessons to improve the management of U.
Inin a lawsuit brought by New York State, the U. The governor of the host state shall appoint a chair and vice-chair. The law called for the ability of compacts to exclude wastes from other regions after January 1, The Northwest Interstate Compact on Low-Level Radioactive Waste Management is enacted into law by the State of Oregon and entered into with all other jurisdictions lawfully joining therein in a form as provided for as follows.
waste previously had been licensed by the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (USNRC) and agreement states 2 and operated by commercial firms.
3 In the late s the states hosting these facilities became concerned about corrosion and leakage of waste packages and expressed the need for geographic equity in the disposal of low-level waste. The Act encouraged states to form regional. Oct 09, · It is the policy of the party states to: enter into a regional low-level radioactive waste management compact for the purpose of providing the instrument and framework for a cooperative effort, provide sufficient facilities for the proper management of low-level radioactive waste generated in the region, promote the health and safety of the.
Central Midwest Interstate Low-Level Radioactive Waste Commission Regional Management Plan Adopted May Welcome to The Midwest Interstate Low-Level Radioactive Waste Compact, an agreement between the states of Indiana, Iowa, Minnesota, Missouri, Ohio, and Wisconsin that provides for the cooperative and safe disposal of commercial low-level radioactive waste.
Rocky Mountain Low Level Waste (LLW) Board is an interstate government agency that administers the Rocky Mountain Low-Level Radioactive Waste Compact for Colorado, Nevada, and New Mexico.